You or someone you know, may have a condition that you want to learn more about.  Perhaps you have also wondered about the treatments available to address certain conditions. Explore the subjects below to get information direct from the Better Health Channel. 

Remember if you are concerned about any health issues, please contact your local doctor to discuss your concerns with them.

Allergies

Allergies occur when our body overreacts to a 'trigger' or allergen. Common reactions include itchiness, sneezing and difficulty breathing. Anaphylaxis is a severe reaction that requires emergency treatment. Common allergies include hay fever, asthma, hives and food allergy.

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Anxiety

Anxiety is extreme worry that interferes with our daily lives. Symptoms include panic attacks, physical fear reactions and attempts to avoid the situation. Anxiety disorders can lead to social isolation and depression but help is available.

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Arthritis

Arthritis occurs when joints or muscles become painful, stiff and swollen. Common types include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis and fibromyalgia. Exercise, medication and supportive therapies can help manage symptoms.

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Asthma

Asthma is a serious respiratory condition that causes difficulty breathing and can cause death. Recognise your asthma triggers and manage the condition with medication, relievers and preventers (puffers), exercise and other therapies.

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Cancer

Cancer grows when normal body cells multiply in an uncontrolled way. Cancer can affect any part of the body. Some cancers can be treated. Cancer screening tests can help detect some cancers early.

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Dementia

Dementia is a symptom of many illnesses including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease and AIDS. Effects include loss of memory, intellect, rationality, social skills and normal emotional reactions. Help is available for carers of people with dementia.

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Depression

Depression is a mental illness that may be mild or severe. Types include major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, dysthymic and cyclothymic disorders, postnatal depression and seasonal affective disorder. Seek help early to avoid the risk of other mental health problems

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Diabetes

Diabetes occurs when blood glucose (sugar) levels are raised due to problems producing or processing insulin. Diabetes may be genetic, pregnancy related or caused by obesity or illness and may be type 1 or type 2.

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Infections

Infections are generally caused by bacteria or viruses. These can be spread in blood, body fluids, contaminated food and airborne droplets or by animals and insects. Some infections can be prevented by immunisation

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Medical Procedures

Knowing what to expect during and after a medical procedure can help you prepare, whether you go to hospital or to an outpatient clinic. Non-surgical procedures are available to treat a range of conditions.

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Medical Tests

Medical tests can detect, diagnose or assess your risk of developing a medical condition. The results can help you and your doctor decide on treatment. Screening tests can provide early warning of health risks.

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Medications

Medications include prescription, over-the-counter and complementary or herbal treatments designed to help keep us well. Incorrect use of medicines can cause side effects, overdose and other reactions. Make sure you take your medicines correctly.

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Mental Illness

Mental illnesses may be caused by life events, genetic factors or birth defects. They can be temporary or lifelong and include mood, anxiety, personality, psychotic and compulsive disorders. Help is available to prevent or manage mental health problems.

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Sexually Transmitted Infection

Sexually transmitted infections may be caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. Anyone who is sexually active can catch an STI. Medical treatment may cure STIs or relieve symptoms. Use condoms to reduce your risk

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Stroke

Stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is blocked. Stroke can affect adults and children. Signs of stroke include dizziness, numbness and loss of vision. Early treatment can help manage the effects of a stroke.

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Surgery

Surgery is an operation to investigate or treat a disease or injury. Ask your surgeon to explain what you can expect and any risks involved. Take time to understand the information when deciding about surgery

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Treatments and You

Be informed about your treatment. Learn how to choose a doctor and ask questions. Find out what happens in an emergency department or day surgery and how to manage recovery, chronic illness, pain and palliative care.

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